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Reinventing Paul by John G. Gager

By John G. Gager

Through the Christian period, Paul has stood on the heart of controversy, accused of being the daddy of Christian anti-Semitism. yet have we misunderstood the guy and his teachings for almost 2,000 years? during this hugely available e-book, John Gager demanding situations this entrenched view of Paul, arguing persuasively that Paul's phrases were taken out in their unique context, distorted, and usually misconstrued. Gager takes us looking for the "real" Paul--using Paul's personal writings. via an exhaustive research of Paul's letters to the Galatians and the Romans, he offers illuminating solutions to the foremost questions: Did Paul repudiate the legislation of Moses? Did he think that Jews were rejected through God and changed as His selected humans by means of Gentiles? Did he think about circumcision to be worthwhile for salvation? And did he count on Jews to discover salvation via Jesus? To these kinds of questions, John Gager solutions no. First, he places Paul's proselytizing in context. Paul used to be an apostle to the Gentiles, no longer the Jews. His so much vehement arguments have been directed now not opposed to Judaism yet opposed to competing apostles within the Jesus flow who demanded that Gentiles be circumcised and agree to Jewish legislations so as to be stored. furthermore, Paul depended on rhetorical units that have been primary to his meant viewers yet opaque to later readers of the letters. for this reason, his message has been misunderstood through all succeeding generations. Reinventing Paul brilliantly units forth a debatable interpretation of Paul's educating. This thought-provoking portrait is vital interpreting for theologians and lay humans, historians and philosophers, Christians and Jews.

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Descriptions of the Devil as black in color will be found in the Acts of the Martyrs, the Acts of St. Bartholomew, and in the writings of Augustine and Gregory the Great. A black face was a permanent feature of medieval representations of the Devil.

Is not this kind of transference precisely what we otherwise call idolatry? 41 Malcolm was no longer a black, “brainwashed” Christian. Even Ella, he says, could not believe how much of an atheist he had become. Malcolm had become a cocaine addict, and this addiction would play a large role in his second tour of Boston. Drugs and religion have a long and intimate relationship. Both are modalities of transcendence, ways of becoming larger than oneself, getting beyond oneself, losing and thereby finding one’s true self, a new and a higher self.

Malcolm associates his youthful Christianity with ignorance and degradation: ignorance of Christian duplicity and hypocrisy in the oppression of black people, in denying his worth as a black man, and for repressing the glorious truth of Islam. In Malcolm’s view, criminality and degradation characterized the underside of Christianity. The criminal life allowed him to see just how criminal Christianity was. To put it paradoxically, Malcolm was saved from Christianity by crime. Illicit sex, drugs, and robbery provided the conditions that made possible his redemption from life as a black brainwashed Christian.

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