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Comparative Religion

Religion: The Basics by Malory Nye

By Malory Nye

Is faith almost like tradition? How does it healthy with existence within the smooth international? must you "believe" to be a part of one? From televangelism within the American South to the donning of hijab in Britain and Egypt; from the increase of paganism to the aftermath of 11th of September, this obtainable consultant seems on the ways that faith interacts with the standard global during which we are living. A entire advent to the area of faith, it covers elements together with: * faith and tradition* How strength operates in faith* Gender matters * The position of trust, rituals and spiritual texts* faith within the modern worldReligion: the fundamentals deals a useful and up to date assessment for an individual eager to discover extra approximately this attention-grabbing topic.

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Extra resources for Religion: The Basics

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But all cultures are ‘mongrel’ in this sense, being practised within such borderlands of cultural change and external influences. Culture is about hybridity, mixing up different elements, as well as about defining a particular way of life. The study of culture is, then, a study of such hybridity, and how the different elements of a cultural group work together and also against each other. Much of this hybridity is often expressed through cultural products: books, art, and music are often deliberately hybrid, as is perhaps most clearly shown through the success of the white rap artist Eminem.

Meanwhile, everything that a person does 40 RELIGION: THE BASICS interacts with their culture: the systems of meanings that they share with others within their group. Lying behind this idea of culture is a much earlier definition, proposed at the end of the nineteenth century by the writer Edward Tylor. Tylor’s approach was very different from Geertz’s, but in his book Primitive Culture he set out his understanding that culture ‘is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man [humans] as a member of society’ (Tylor 1871:1).

That is, cultures themselves have cultural divisions within them, and each culture is made up of various sub-cultures. This idea of sub-cultures is particularly associated with the writers Dick Hebdige (1979), and others in the Birmingham Centre for Cultural Studies (such as Clarke et al. 1976). The idea of sub-cultures places particular emphasis on the existence of smaller units within the larger ‘culture’, very often reflecting power differences. Using the work of Gramsci (who I will discuss in the next chapter), Hebdige suggested that sub-cultures do not simply exist in themselves, but are articulations of resistance to the prevailing dominant culture.

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