By Louis Anthony Cox Jr.
"Tony Cox is one of the such a lot energetic and artistic architects and clients of quantitative threat research. This booklet is filled with fascinating equations, conceptual designs and conundrums that represent QRA and its purposes to danger administration. proficient by way of trenchant considering and perceptive writing, it is a well timed source for the danger research community." Michael R. Greenberg, Professor and college Dean, Edward J. Bloustein tuition of making plans and Public coverage, Rutgers University
"Tony Cox's outstanding booklet applies either basic and state-of-the-art hazard types to various fields. It demonstrates artistic yet tractable how you can version real-world difficulties of significant useful significance relating to organic, engineering, and social hazards. This ebook merits to turn into influential and broadly learn via these looking sensible cutting-edge equipment for hazard analysis." Vicki Bier, Professor, Engineering Physics and commercial Engineering & Director - middle for Human functionality and chance research, collage of Wisconsin-Madison
"Risk research is as previous because the first cave dweller mulling find out how to live on wintry weather or woolly mammoths. It continues to be crucial this day in our international of injuries, disorder, weather swap and terrorism. yet a few say that quantitative probability research is simply too complex or time-consuming, and that qualitative instinct is a greater approach to make judgements. during this formidable and meticulous booklet, Tony Cox makes the case that quantitative danger research is de facto the antidote to uncertainty and complexity, stronger to different modes of considering, either sensible and powerful. Cox increases the bar on an important debate." Jonathan B. Wiener, Duke collage, and President, Society for hazard research (2008)
"This is a superb, approachable learn for any possibility supervisor. easy yet devastating examples express how not to do threat research. Insightful case stories follow quantitative chance review to traditional, random threats, and to terrorist threats posed via an clever adversary. it is a well timed and much-needed source for skeptical shoppers of possibility research suggestion and items, and should you have to enhance upon present, dangerously simplistic, assistance on hazard review and threat management." Gerald G. Brown, exotic Professor, Operations learn division, Naval Postgraduate tuition, Monterey, CA
"This ebook offers a clean new viewpoint on quantitative danger evaluate, and may be of curiosity to quite a lot of practitioners. Drawing considerably on his personal paintings, Tony Cox demonstrates that QRA should be utilized even to demanding and complicated systems." Suresh Moolgavkar, vice chairman and critical Scientist, Exponent medical Consulting; Professor of Epidemiology, college of Washington
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Extra info for Risk Analysis of Complex and Uncertain Systems
To this end, it draws on experts with specialized knowledge and techniques to help identify actions that are likely to bring about preferred consequences. The experts use risk assessment models to predict the probabilities of different consequences if alternative actions are taken. They present this information to agencies and other stakeholders, who consider it via a structured and documented analytic-deliberative process and make a final choice of action. , by publishing and enforcing new regulatory requirements), monitors the results, and feeds new information back into the decision process to improve risk assessments and risk management decisions.
137. This crucial assumption is not valid (Cox, 2005b). , contaminated water), and that all and only the 28% of infections caused by the latter source are resistant. Then this procedure would misestimate the fraction Against QRA: Toward Concern-Driven Risk Management 9 of resistant infections caused by eating poultry as (72% of infections caused by eating poultry) × (28% of infections resistant) = 20% of resistant infections caused by eating poultry. But, by hypothesis, the correct value for the fraction of resistant infections caused by eating poultry is zero, not 20%.
A draft QRA for virginiamycin completed by the FDA-CVM (2004) likewise suggests that quantitative human health risks are at most relatively small, even under some worst-case assumptions. Thus, expert judgment may yield quite different results from QRA models, making it important to decide how to choose between them when they differ. This raises the following key empirical question: How good are human judgments, including expert judgments, as guides to effective risk management actions? If the proposed alternative to formal quantitative QRA calculations is less formal and less quantitative expert judgment – as explicitly recommended by WHO/FAO (2003) and FDA-CVM (2003), for example – then it is important to understand how well such judgment performs in identifying risk management actions that produce desired consequences.