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Russia: A State of Uncertainty (Postcommunist States and by Neil Robinson

By Neil Robinson

Russia: A nation of Uncertainty strains Russia's complicated ancient improvement within the final century, in addition to its fresh political problems and monetary misfortunes, and its position within the modern foreign approach. delivering updated details on Russian political advancements, together with the elections of 1999 and 2000, Robinson assesses the possibilities of destiny tasks of political and financial reconstruction.

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Additional info for Russia: A State of Uncertainty (Postcommunist States and Nations)

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This is called ‘proprietary officeholding’. Bureaucratic organization, in contrast, exists where the appointment of officials is impersonal and formal regulations govern administration so that there is no ‘proprietary officeholding’. Combining these ideas about regime and state organization we can produce four classifications of state formation: constitutional-bureaucratic, absolutist-patrimonial, absolutist-bureaucratic and constitutional-patrimonial. 1. Constitutional-bureaucratic, absolutist-patrimonial and absolutistbureaucratic state forms correspond respectively to modern consolidated democracies such as exist in countries such as the USA and Western Europe, Tsarist Russia (and other states where monarchs have ruled in conjunction with aristocratic elites), and the Soviet Union (and other twentieth century dictatorships such as Democratic Kampuchea under Pol Pot and communist China).

Its evolution to the constitutionalbureaucratic type is not guaranteed because politicians may decide that the short-term strength of an absolutist state is better suited to their interests and to dealing with problems of social management and the provision of security. The chief difference between constitutional-bureaucratic and an absolutist type of state formation is in the prevalent form of state power. 7 This means that the nature of state autonomy, capacity and organizational integrity also differ considerably.

Russia was the largest part of both of these states and their history is its history to a degree that would not be true of other parts of the Tsarist empire or USSR, many of which enjoyed brief periods of independence from the USSR, or retained stronger independent political traditions than Russia. For many Russians, Russia was (and for some still is) coterminous with the Tsarist empire and the USSR. In administrative terms this was certainly the case: the Tsarist state was the chief political authority in Russia; the most important political body in the USSR, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU, known before 1952 as the Bolshevik Party and the Communist Party), had branches in all of the republics of the USSR except Russia, where regional party organizations reported directly to the central party leadership.

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