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Russia's Oil Barons and Metal Magnates: Oligarchs and the by S. Fortescue

By S. Fortescue

The attention-grabbing point of Fortescue's ebook is how he manages to provide the Russian oligarchs in a a bit extra beneficial gentle. through now, the primary view in and out Russia is that the oligarchs bought their resources by way of nearly looting the recent post-communist kingdom. while possession and principles have been tremendous vague.

The booklet steps during the 90s, the head businesses governed via the oligarchs. Like Yukos or Norilsk Nickel. the writer describes quite a few managerial judgements made, like centralising authority, or carrying on with to open or shut mines. The mechanisms of move pricing are defined. the place frequently price was once extracted from the corporations after which moved overseas.

A key a part of the ebook is how taxes are paid (or now not) to the govt.. The minimisation of this used to be a huge cost opposed to them, within the eyes of the government.

The publication does recommend that a few of the oligarchs' activities have been average enterprise judgements, within the context in their environments.

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Additional info for Russia's Oil Barons and Metal Magnates: Oligarchs and the State in Transition

Sample text

With only those two remaining, we clearly need a new sample. As recognized by Anders Åslund, there is indeed a number of ‘new oligarchs’ who can be used to make a new list. It is a list which is much more resource-oriented than the first ‘bankers’ list. 6 The resource orientation is appropriate, given that since the move of the more prescient bankers into the resource sector the main focus of the oligarch debate has shifted from financial to resource rents. This process was greatly accelerated by the financial crisis of 1998.

17 It is Fridman who has been the subject of some of the most colourful accounts of Soviet-era blackmarket activities. He came to Moscow from Lvov to study at the Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys in the early 1980s. 19 He claims that his ability to supply theatre tickets enabled him after graduation to arrange a convenient work allocation to the Elektrostal plant outside Moscow. As a provincial a Moscow residence permit would have been very difficult to obtain, but Elektrostal was close enough for him to be able to continue running the theatre ticket business.

29 his best-known financial vehicle ONEKSIMbank, formed in 1993. The founding shareholders of ONEKSIMbank were a group of former Soviet foreign trade organizations, which needed something to replace Vneshekonombank, the Soviet Union’s foreign trade bank whose operations had been frozen by the foreign creditors of the former Soviet Union. 33 Neither Khodorkovsky, Vinogradov or Potanin could be described in any way as members of the top elite. They were not synki (the ‘little sons’, the children of the top elite who were given cushy jobs usually far removed from the hard-core party and industrial management jobs of their fathers), and they occupied relatively modest positions in their hierarchies.

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