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Scottish Highlanders in Colonial Georgia: The Recruitment, by Anthony W. Parker

By Anthony W. Parker

Between 1735 and 1748 hundreds of thousands of younger males and their households emigrated from the Scottish Highlands to the Georgia coast to settle and defend the hot British colony. those males have been recruited via the trustees of the colony and armed forces governor James Oglethorpe, who sought after settlers who have been acquainted with trouble, militant in nature, and keen to develop into frontier farmer-soldiers. during this recognize, the Highlanders healthy the invoice completely via education and tradition.

Recruiting and settling the Scottish Highlanders because the first defensive line at the southern frontier in Georgia used to be an incredible selection at the a part of the trustees and an important for the survival of the colony, yet this section of Georgia's heritage has been unfortunately missed beforehand. through targeting the Scots themselves, Anthony W. Parker explains what elements stimulated the Highlanders to depart their local glens of Scotland for the pine barrens of Georgia and makes an attempt to account for the explanations their cultural forte and "old global" event aptly ready them to play an essential function within the survival of Georgia during this early and precarious second in its history.

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Extra info for Scottish Highlanders in Colonial Georgia: The Recruitment, Emigration, and Settlement at Darien, 1735-1748

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These measures would affect the clans and would provide the impetus for many to leave the Highlands. The Act of 1716, for "the more effectual securing the Peace of the Highlands in Scotland," ordered the commutation of a long list of feudal services for cash rents. These included personal attendance, hosting, hunting, watching, and warding, whether due by charter, contract, custom, or agreement. 79 The real purpose of the act was precisely to weaken the personal ties between chief and clansmen.

4® T. M. "50 It was this ideal—that traditional life was changing for the clansmen—that would prompt them to leave the Highlands in search of a place where their familiar lifestyle could continue. 52 This influx of products and foreign influences opened the eyes of the Highlanders to a world outside their own. No longer were they isolated from the rest of the world. By 1729 William Mackintosh of Borlum, enjoying the commercial benefits but complaining of the changing culture, wrote, "When I came to a friend s house of a morning, I used to be asked if I had my morning draught yet?

73 Thomas Coram put forth an idea in 1717 for a new settlement that foreshadowed the Georgia colony. "74 Although it was to be located on the northern frontier, the design was similar to the plan adopted later by the Georgia Trustees. "75 The people of New England rejected the idea and it was dropped. 76 The first scheme to be considered for the situation on the southern border was a proposal by Sir Robert Mountgomery, a Scottish baronet. "79 The young Sir Robert proposed to the Carolina Lords Proprietors that he be allowed to settle a colony between the Savannah and the Altamaha rivers.

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