By Sheila Fitzpatrick
Stalinism is a provocative addition to the present debates concerning the historical past of the Stalinist interval of the Soviet Union. Sheila Fitzpatrick has gathered jointly the most recent and the main fascinating paintings by way of younger Russian, American and ecu students, in addition to a few of the seminal articles that experience motivated them, in an try and think again this contentious topic within the gentle of recent info and new theoretical approaches.
The articles are contextualized via an intensive creation to the totalitarian/revisionist arguments and post-revisionist advancements. Eschewing an solely high-political concentration, the publication attracts jointly paintings on classification, identification, intake tradition, and business enterprise. Stalinist terror and nationalities coverage are reappraised within the mild of recent archival findings. Stalinism deals a nuanced navigation of an emotive and misrepresented bankruptcy of the Russian earlier.
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Additional resources for Stalinism: New Directions (Rewriting Histories)
11 The proletarian revolution had indeed been premature, the Mensheviks crowed; and within the Bolshevik party harsh words were exchanged about the vanishing of the proletariat. )12 But in a sense the debacle was even worse: in addition to leading a premature revolution, the Bolsheviks apparently had achieved a prematurely “classless” society in which the absence of classes had nothing to do with socialism. Class principles For the Bolsheviks, it was imperative that Russian society be “reclassed” forthwith.
10 For example, Sheila Fitzpatrick, Stalin’s Peasants (New York, 1994); Lynne Viola, Peasant Rebels under Stalin (New York, 1996); Gabor Rittersporn, “Enjoying Carnival, Breaking Step: Soviet Unorthodox Folklore in the 1930s,” paper presented at conference on “The Stalin Period: New Ideas, New Conversations,” held at Riverside, California, March 12–15, 1998. Scott most often cited in this scholarship are Weapons of the Weak: Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance (New Haven, 1985) and Domination and the Arts of Resistance (New Haven, 1990).
Golfo Alexopoulos’s 1996 dissertation explored the world of the disenfranchised (persons deprived of civil rights because of their “alien” class origins), showing by a close study of their petitions how they attempted to rid themselves of stigma and gain reinstatement as full Soviet citizens. 7 Sheila Fitzpatrick’s article in this volume, “Ascribing Class,” one of a series of essays on the subject of class dating back to the end of the 1980s, exemplifies the new approach to class and social identity.