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Stalin's Great Science: The Times and Adventures of Soviet by Alexei B Kojevnikov

By Alexei B Kojevnikov

World-class technology and know-how constructed within the Soviet Union in the course of Stalin's dictatorial rule lower than stipulations of political violence, loss of foreign contacts, and critical regulations at the freedom of data. Stalin's nice technology: the days and Adventures of Soviet Physicists is a useful publication that investigates this paradoxical luck via following the lives and paintings of Soviet scientists - together with Nobel Prize-winning physicists Kapitza, Landau, and others - during the turmoil of wars, revolutions, and repression that characterised the 1st half Russia's 20th century. The e-book examines how scientists operated in the Soviet political order, communicated with Stalinist politicians, equipped a brand new process of study associations, and performed groundbreaking study less than outstanding conditions. a few of their novel medical principles and theories mirrored the effect of Soviet ideology and worldview and feature because develop into accredited universally as primary ideas of latest technological know-how. within the means of making feel of the achievements of Soviet technological know-how, the booklet dismantles usual assumptions in regards to the interplay among technology, politics, and beliefs, in addition to many dominant stereotypes - quite often inherited from the chilly struggle - approximately Soviet background normally. technological know-how and expertise weren't in basic terms granted unheard of value in Soviet society, yet in addition they exerted a vital formative effect at the Soviet political method itself. in contrast to so much earlier experiences, Stalin's nice technological know-how acknowledges the prestige of technological know-how as an important part of the Soviet polity and explores the character of a distinct dating among specialists (scientists and engineers) and communist politicians that enabled the preliminary upward push of the Soviet nation and its mature accomplishments, until eventually the pact eroded in later years, undermining the communist regime from inside of.

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I. qxd 02/07/04 10:49 AM Socialist, or Big, Science Page 31 31 he later played a key role in the organization of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences (with its own KEPS and research institutes) in Kiev, the capital of the newly proclaimed independent nation. The vulnerable Ukrainian Academy managed to survive all changes of political and military power in Kiev, from the German-backed regime through local nationalists and the Soviet Red Army and White occupations to the Ukrainian Soviet Republic. All except the White Russians, who were the most hostile to Ukrainian independence, granted the Academy some kind of political patronage.

The vulnerable Ukrainian Academy managed to survive all changes of political and military power in Kiev, from the German-backed regime through local nationalists and the Soviet Red Army and White occupations to the Ukrainian Soviet Republic. All except the White Russians, who were the most hostile to Ukrainian independence, granted the Academy some kind of political patronage. During the White occupation in 1919, Vernadsky traveled south to meet with generals and plead on the Academy’s behalf. As a result of contracting typhus and changed military fortunes, he got stuck in the White Crimea.

With such an understanding of Russian national interests and of his own duty, Ipatieff did not hesitate to start an immediate active collaboration with the new regime in his professional role as a military scientist. The Bolsheviks for their part entrusted the monarchist with high-level posts within the Soviet government. In May 1920 Ipatieff was appointed to direct the former Central Scientific-Technical Laboratory of the War Ministry, soon to be renamed the State Scientific-Technical Institute (GONTI).

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