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Sustainable energy landscapes : designing, planning, and by Sven Stremke

By Sven Stremke

''With specialists from diverse similar fields discussing their methods to energy-conscious making plans and layout, this entire ebook offers cutting-edge examine, schooling, and layout perform with admire to sustainable strength landscapes. It additionally addresses tips to quantify the impression of power transition either on panorama caliber and effort financial system, problems with starting to be value. concentrating on the municipal Read more...

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Wherever they are, transmission lines have become ubiquitous symbols of progress and civilization. They are energy landscapes in every connotation of the phrase. 4 Stage Two: Energy Landscapes of the Mineral Economy Resource Layer One “Direct” Layer Two “Indirect” Layer Three “Mitigation” Coal Mining pits Surface debris Canals Railroads Subsidence Abandoned equipment and buildings Waste heaps Recreational lakes created out of open cast mining Damaged forests by acid rain the result from installation of taller chimneys to mitigate local air pollution problems Recreational mounds for discarded waste materials Oil and natural gas Drilling derricks Well fields Distribution networks Oil spills (on land and water; blowouts) Advertising New towns Shipping facilities Abandoned equipment Contaminated areas Sulfur piles Downstream changes from water diversions Greenhouse gas emissions New housing requirements Pipeline rights-of-way damage Forest removal Artificial islands Directional drilling platforms Faux buildings for drilling pads Refineries Jack pumps Oil sands Roads Surface excavations Seismic lines Heavy oils Roads recovery equipment Roads recovery equipment Roads recovery equipment Coal-bed methane Shale gas Oil shale Roads recovery equipment Changed land use from waste water disposal Water contamination Land use transformation Economic development Additional housing in remote areas Although they tend to stand out on the landscape, the impact of power plants varies with their surroundings.

Eventually, surface mining expanded as technology became powerful enough to remove the massive amount of surface materials overlying coal seams. 2). 3). Recently, a new form of coal landscape has been emerging, mountain-top removal, and it is producing the most dramatic energy landscapes. No longer must the coal be extracted along the contours, through underground shafts, or by peeling off the overburden; instead, entire mountain tops are removed. While this approach allows retrieval of virtually all the coal underneath, it constitutes an especially vicious insult to the land.

The difference is not what resources we are using but how. In the past, we used the derivatives of solar energy such as wood for heat, wind for pumping, and water for grinding. Today, while we still use biomass in the form of wood, we also use biomass in the form of corn and sugar cane for the ethanol it can yield. We continue to use wind for water pumping, but we also use it to produce electricity. Water is still used for grinding, but more importantly it is used in hydroelectric dams. While the actual contribution of all these renewables is a small fraction of the commercial energy supplied worldwide, their potential contribution is huge.

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