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Technology and Components of Accelerator-driven Systems: by OECD

By OECD

The accelerator-driven method (ADS) is a possible transmutation approach alternative as a part of partitioning and transmutation techniques for radioactive waste in complicated nuclear gasoline cycles. those complaints comprise the entire technical papers offered at a workshop.

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Even if such refurbishment remains technically possible, a new machine would be better adapted to the new needs, in particular for Gen-IV and fusion research. The project, since 1998 named MYRRHA, then evolved to a larger installation. In mid-2002, a first pre-design file of MYRRHA, the “MYRRHA Draft – 1” file [8] with a core nominal power of 30 MWth, was submitted to an International Technical Guidance Committee for review. This international panel consisted of experts from research reactor designers, ADS development, reactor safety authorities and spallation target specialists.

BR2 has been refurbished twice, in the beginning of the 80s and in the mid-90s. The BR2 reactor is now licensed for operating until 2016 but around that period, it will have to be decided whether another refurbishment around 2020 will have to be done or whether BR2 will have to be replaced by another facility. Therefore, the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre at Mol has been working for several years on the pre- and conceptual design of MYRRHA (Multi-purpose hYbrid Research Reactor for High-tech Applications), a multi-purpose flexible irradiation facility that can replace BR2 and that is sufficiently innovative to support future-oriented research projects needed to sustain the future of the research centre.

11. 12. 13. Inner vessel Guard vessel Cooling tubes Cover Diaphragm Spallation loop Subcritical core Primary pumps Primary heat exchangers Emergency heat exchangers In-vessel fuel transfer machine In-vessel fuel storage Coolant conditioning system From MYRRHA to XT-ADS (2005-2009) SCK•CEN offered to use the MYRRHA 2005 design file as a starting basis for the Experimental Facility Demonstrating the Technical Feasibility of Transmutation in an Accelerator-driven System (XT-ADS) design in the FP6 EUROTRANS Integrated Project.

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