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The Caspian Sea: A Quest for Environmental Security by William Ascher, Natalia Mirovitskaya

By William Ascher, Natalia Mirovitskaya

This quantity is predicated at the shows and deliberations of a sophisticated learn Workshop (ARW) "Caspian Sea: A Quest for Environmental protection" that used to be hung on March 15-19, 1999, in Venice (Italy). The Workshop was once subsidized via the NATO's department for clinical and Environmental Affairs, with extra aid supplied by way of the belief for Mutual figuring out (USA). It used to be equipped through Duke University's middle for foreign improvement learn with the information of the overseas Committee of scientists from Russia, usa. Georgia and Italy and organizational tips rendered by way of Venice foreign collage. The Caspian Sea zone is of profound significance from the viewpoint of world and nearby environmental safeguard. New geopolitical and fiscal situations have created a mix of pageant. reluctant collaboration, and criminal, political, fiscal and ideological wrangling. there's an extreme debate over how the Caspian and its assets will be divided between littoral states and the way those assets are to be built. whereas such a lot littoral states and the foreign businesses attempt to increase the area's vast hydrocarbon capability, it's transparent that the Caspian's specific and fragile surroundings is at risk.

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International assistance to combat these conditions in the Caspian region may become available through the programs associated with the 1994 United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification. Unfortunately, as with other international environmental programs, the financial commitments of the developed countries have fallen far short of what is needed. 8. Conclusion This paper suggests ways in which the concept of environmental security can be applied to the ecological problems in the Caspian region and the efforts that have been, or could be, taken to address them.

A low oil price discourages frontier and high-risk investment, makes financing difficult and imposes a slower and more incremental investment rhythm. With the 32 The Caspian Sea: A Quest for Environmental Security prospect of high profitability reduced, and market risks being added, projects cannot sustain significant exploration, political, environmental and transit risks. • An oil price that is lower than assumed in original studies and contracts leads inevitably to corporate tactics to gain time while maintaining control over acreage: protracted studies, long negotiations, reference to never-ending governmental and intergovernmental discussions, but without actually committing investment.

The current situation is sorely lacking in both respects, largely as a not very surprising consequence of the Soviet-Russian decolonization. We would like to examine these questions largely in terms of "discourse", perspective! e. in terms of how dominant and widely followed views of the situation, ihe conflicts and prospects, influence policies and how a change - towards the better - in discourse and perception might enhance both the real economic potential of oil and gas in the region and the ability of the various, currently mostly discordant parties to negotiate and manage deals and relationships which bring more benefit to most or even all of them.

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