Raftul cu initiativa Book Archive

Dynamics

The Dynamics of Science and Technology: Social Values, by Peter Janich (auth.), Wolfgang Krohn, Edwin T. Layton Jr.,

By Peter Janich (auth.), Wolfgang Krohn, Edwin T. Layton Jr., Peter Weingart (eds.)

The interrelations of technological know-how and expertise as an item of analysis appear to have drawn the eye of a few disciplines: the background of either technology and expertise, sociology, economics and financial heritage, or even the philosophy of technological know-how. The query that involves brain is whether or not the phenomenon itself is new or if advances within the disciplines concerned account for this novel curiosity, or, actually, if either are intercon­ nected. while the editors got down to plan this quantity, their roughly specific conviction was once that the connection of technology and know-how did show a brand new configuration and that the disciplines curious about 1tS research failed at the very least partially to house the switch as a result of conceptual and methodological preconceptions. to assert this doesn't suggest a verdict at the insufficiency of 1 and the prevalence of the other one disciplinary process. particularly, the placement is far extra complicated. In economics, for instance, the curiosity within the dating among technological know-how and know-how is deeply prompted via the theoretical challenge of accounting for the criteria of financial progress. the first challenge is with expertise and the matter is whether or not the industry induces technological advances or whether or not they set off new calls for that specify the following diffusion of latest applied sciences. technological know-how is usually thought of to be an exogenous issue in a roundabout way topic to industry forces and, as a result, seems to be of no interest.

Show description

Read Online or Download The Dynamics of Science and Technology: Social Values, Technical Norms and Scientific Criteria in the Development of Knowledge PDF

Best dynamics books

Parasitic phenomena in the dynamics of industrial devices

''Preface An creation on a lighter be aware than is common for a e-book of this nature, one who is easy and no more educational, is due for a few purposes: 1. The textual content is clearly of a tough nature (as the foreword be aware may possibly imply). 2. popular scientists have usually applied effortless contexts and examples to introduce complicated principles (Einstein in his Biography of Physics implements the plotting of a secret as a fil rouge to the representation of relativity concepts).

Dynamics of Natural and Artificial Celestial Bodies: Proceedings of the US/European Celestial Mechanics Workshop, held in Poznań, Poland, 3–7 July 2000

This quantity comprises papers offered on the US/European Celestial Mecha­ nics Workshop prepared via the Astronomical Observatory of Adam Mickiewicz collage in Poznan, Poland and held in Poznan, from three to 7 July 2000. the aim of the workshop used to be to spot destiny learn in celestial mech­ anics and inspire collaboration between scientists from eastem and westem coun­ attempts.

Cortico-Subcortical Dynamics in Parkinson's Disease

Cortico-subcortical dynamics in Parkinson’s affliction goals to combine key pathophysiological facets underlying Parkinson’s ailment. the amount deals a huge spectrum of evaluations on how power dopamine depletion impacts cortico-subcortical dynamics, specifically how disruptions of the non-dopaminergic structures as a result of continual dopaminergic degeneration could lead on to the useful changes saw in parkinsonism.

Spatial Diversity and Dynamics in Resources and Urban Development: Volume 1: Regional Resources

This double-volume paintings specializes in socio-demographics and using such information to aid strategic source administration and making plans projects. Papers transcend motives of tools, strategy and conventional functions to discover new intersections within the dynamic courting among the usage and administration of assets, and concrete improvement.

Additional info for The Dynamics of Science and Technology: Social Values, Technical Norms and Scientific Criteria in the Development of Knowledge

Example text

An explicit critique of empiricist theories of metrization is developed in 'Protophysics of Time' (cf. Note 2). 5. The term 'protophysics' (although occurring already in the 16th century in different connections and senses) was first proposed by P. Lorenzen in the sense meant above. Cf. P. Lorenzen, 'Wie ist die Objektivitat der Physik moglich'r, in P. Lorenzen, Methodisches Denken, pp. 142~151. GOAL DIRECTION OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH RON JOHNSTON Liberal Studies in Science, Manchester University and TOM JAGTENBERG School of Sociology, University of Wollongong 1.

There are two particular fields of technology which have to be looked at from a methodological point of view, namely the technology of measurement and the technology of observation. 'Technology of measurement' means the highly developed instrumental support of measurement in modern experimental science. Anyone who is interested can inform himself in a modern physical laboratory - if he is prepared to admit that he already requires a lot of physical knowledge in order to be able to understand how physicists gain physical knowledge.

It is important to recognise that we are not here considering the goal of 'science'. Along with Richter (47) we reject the notion that the concept of goal can be fruitfully applied to the whole enterprise of science. Recent developments within the sociology of scientific knowledge (48) emphasise the distinctive cognitive and social structure of different sciences. However, whether science is examined from a cognitive perspective, be it discipline, specialty or research area, or from an occupational standpoint, in industry, government or university, we would argue that the concept of goal can provide a very useful insight into the ways in which the modern sciences reflect and can be directed to the needs of industralised society.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.01 of 5 – based on 38 votes