By Alistair Black, Dave Muddiman, Helen Plant
No matter if termed the 'network society', the 'knowledge society' or the 'information society', it truly is extensively permitted new age has dawned, unveiled through robust laptop and communique applied sciences. but for millenia people were recording wisdom and tradition, conducting the dissemination and protection of data. In "The Early info Society", the authors argue for an previous incarnation of the data age, focusing upon the interval 1900-1960. In help of this they learn the historical past and traditions in Britain of 2 separate yet comparable information-rich occupations - info administration and data technological know-how - repositioning their origins earlier than the age of the pc and deciding upon the forces riding their early improvement. "The Early details Society" deals an ancient account which questions the newness of the present details society. will probably be crucial examining for college kids, researchers and practitioners within the library and data technological know-how box, and for sociologists and historians drawn to the data society.
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Extra info for The Early Information Society: Information Management in Britain Before the Computer
179–83). Weights and measures were standardised in acts of 1824 and 1878. Modern bureaucrats were appointed in ever increasing numbers following the establishment of a Civil Service Commission in 1855: numbers are estimated to have risen fivefold from 21,300 in 1832 to 280,000 in 1914 (D. Thompson, 1950, p. 178). By 1914 state administration in Britain was assuming its familiar, twentieth century shape through the establishment of government ‘boards’ – initially sub-sections of the Privy Council, Exchequer or Home Office but in reality the beginnings of separate ministries – in the fields of Trade; Agriculture; Education and Local Government.
However, as we argue in this book, the arrival of this new age followed a fifty-year period which had already seen the concept of information become a discrete, recognised, valued and professionalised aspect of both the state and industry and commerce. It is to a discussion of the rise of information in each of these spheres in early twentieth century Britain that this chapter now turns. Information and the Re-Structuring of Capitalism Capitalism has survived and thrived because of its inherent ability to re-invent itself.
47 However, it was a revolution that spread beyond the commercial sphere and into the administrative operations of government. An interesting example of this is the story of information management in British military intelligence in the first half of the twentieth century (see the following section). The Second World War saw the emergence of sophisticated information management, including detailed indexing procedures, deployed at Bletchley Park, where enemy signals were de-coded and their meanings interpreted (Brunt, 2004).