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The economics of regulation in agriculture : compliance with by Floor Brouwer, Glenn Fox, Roel Jongeneel

By Floor Brouwer, Glenn Fox, Roel Jongeneel

This paintings debates and investigates the the cross-compliance approach: the place farmers conform to definite criteria on the subject of the surroundings, foodstuff safeguard and animal and plant health.

It discusses cross-compliance within the context of present criteria, on-farm expenses and the competitiveness of farm companies. reading the economics of legislation either in the inner industry of the ecu and the wider global marketplace through reading a wide variety of agricultural items, this source might be of worth to agriculture and source economists, coverage makers, researchers and scholars in environmental and agricultural coverage and modelling.

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Extra info for The economics of regulation in agriculture : compliance with public and private standards

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1 Environmental conditionality applied to CAP direct payments 1992-2005 Date Type of Support Sectors Conditionality 1992 Livestock headage payments Beef cattle and sheep ‘Appropriate Environmental Measures’  Member States given the option to attach ‘environmental measures’ to receipt of payments. MacSharry CAP Reform Implemented from 1994 Maximum stocking densities  Recipients of beef payments required to comply with maximum stocking densities. Set-aside 1999 Agenda 2000 CAP Reform Arable Direct payments All those in receipt based mainly on crop of direct payments area or livestock numbers Implemented from 2000  Member States to apply appropriate measures to ensure set-aside is managed with a view to protecting the environment.

There could be a financial impact on farm businesses from the loss of a crop on the 2m uncultivated strips, although most field margins tend to be less productive than the field as a whole.  In some areas the total hedge width may be equal to 4m or more and therefore, there would be no need to have an additional uncultivated strip. As a result, areas where hedgerows are traditionally quite narrow with minimal shading will experience the larger yield reductions.  The impact will also fall disproportionately on those with relatively small fields and/or those farms with a high density of watercourses and hedgerows.

5 livestock units per hectare (LU/ha) in 1993, to decline to 2 LU/ha by 1996 for the Suckler Cow Premium and Special Beef Premium as set out by Council Regulation 2066/92. 4 LU/ha or less could qualify for an additional extensification premium (Lowe and Baldock, 2000). Third, with respect to land entered into the set-aside scheme, Member States were required to apply „appropriate measures … to ensure the protection of the environment‟ (Commission Regulation 2293/92) and to reduce or withdraw benefits received through the scheme for those found not to be compliant.

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