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The Germans of the Soviet Union by Irina Mukhina

By Irina Mukhina

The Germans have been a truly big minority in Russia, and plenty of best figures, together with the Empress Catherine the nice, have been German. utilizing hardly visible archival details, this ebook presents an account of the reports of the Germans dwelling within the Soviet Union from the early post-revolution interval to the post-Soviet period following the cave in of communism. starting off the historical past of this minority crew and explaining how they have been plagued by the Soviet regime’s nationality regulations, the book:

  • describes the nature of the ethnic Germanic teams, demonstrating their variety earlier than the execution of the coverage of systematic deportations via the Stalinist gurus from 1937 to 1947
  • argues that there has been no longer one yet numerous episodes of deportation inside this era
  • considers different dimensions of this coverage, together with the criminal and monetary constructions of, and way of life in, the Soviet particular settlements
  • investigates the ‘women’s measurement’ of deportation, in particular the position of girls within the maintenance of ethnic identification one of the troubled groups
  • explores the longer term results of Soviet deportations and exile at the id of the Soviet Germans.

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The Germans of the Soviet Union

The Germans have been a really monstrous minority in Russia, and plenty of top figures, together with the Empress Catherine the nice, have been German. utilizing hardly ever visible archival info, this publication presents an account of the reports of the Germans residing within the Soviet Union from the early post-revolution interval to the post-Soviet period following the cave in of communism.

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Moreover, accounts that have survived from the “Many Germans” 27 times of Nicolas I and thereafter attest that Baltic Germans in St. Petersburg despised other Germans residing there who held state positions. Baltic Germans believed themselves to be an ethnic group that was better suited for such positions than were other Germans of St. ” The unity of the common image and identity of Russian Germans as a product of common tragedies and common experiences was yet to come. 1 Country of origin and areas of settlements of German settlers in Russia, 1763–1864 (generic) (source: Stumpp (1978, Vol.

In 1937, all Koreans in the Far 36 Many deportations and their legal basis East, numbering 170,000, were resettled in Central Asia. Germans, along with many other ethnic groups, were also victims of the purges and terror of 1937–38. Moreover, in 1939–40, 400,000 Poles were deported to Siberia and Kazakhstan as a direct result of the Soviet Union’s incorporation of its neighboring states and various treaties signed between Germany and the USSR. After the Nazi-German invasion of the Soviet territories on 22 June 1941 and until 1945, twelve nationalities in the Soviet Union (Germans, Karachai, Balkars, Chechens, Ingush, Kalmyks, Crimean Tartars, Poles, Armenians, Greeks, Finns, and Bulgarians) were subjected to wholesale or partial deportation, amounting to roughly two million people.

After the Nazi-German invasion of the Soviet territories on 22 June 1941 and until 1945, twelve nationalities in the Soviet Union (Germans, Karachai, Balkars, Chechens, Ingush, Kalmyks, Crimean Tartars, Poles, Armenians, Greeks, Finns, and Bulgarians) were subjected to wholesale or partial deportation, amounting to roughly two million people. In 1943–44 alone, the Soviet government deported 70,000 Karachai, 93,000 Kalmyks, 520,000 Chechens and Ingush, 45,000 Balkars, 185,000 Crimean Tartars, 12,500 Crimean Bulgarians, 10,000 Crimean Armenians, 15,000 Greeks, and finally 92,000 Meshketin Turks, Kurds, and Khemshins from Georgia.

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