By David Burton

The historical past of arithmetic: An advent, 7th version, is written for the only- or two-semester math heritage path taken via juniors or seniors, and covers the background in the back of the themes mostly coated in an undergraduate math curriculum or in ordinary faculties or excessive colleges. Elegantly written in David Burton’s imitable prose, this vintage textual content presents wealthy old context to the maths that undergrad math and math schooling majors come across each day. Burton illuminates the folks, tales, and social context at the back of arithmetic’ maximum historic advances whereas conserving acceptable concentrate on the mathematical innovations themselves. Its wealth of knowledge, mathematical and historic accuracy, and well known presentation make The heritage of arithmetic: An creation, 7th version a invaluable source that lecturers and scholars will wish as a part of an everlasting library.

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**Additional resources for The History of Mathematics: An Introduction, Seventh Edition **

**Example text**

5. Multiply the number 12,3;45,6 by 60. Describe a simple rule for multiplying any sexagesimal number by 60; by 602 . 6. , originated from bamboo sticks laid out on at boards. The system is essentially positional, based on a 10-scale, with blanks where we should put zeros. There are two sets of symbols for the digits 1, 2, 3; : : : ; 9, which are used in alternate positions. The rst set is used for units, hundreds, ten thousands: 11/03/2009 18:11 Con rming Pages 29 Number Recording of the Babylonians 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Units, Hundreds, Ten thousands Tens, Thousands, Hundred thousands 9 Egyptian hieroglyphic and Greek alphabetic numerals.

He learned the language and toured the country extensively, exploring its many antiquities. Rawlinson’s attention was soon turned to Behistun, where a towering rock cliff, the “Mountain of the Gods,” rises dramatically above an ancient caravan road to Babylon. , Darius the Great caused a lasting monument to his accomplishments to be engraved on a specially prepared surface measuring 150 feet by 100 feet. The inscription is written in thirteen panels in three languages—Old Persian, Elamite, and Akkadian (the language of the Babylonians)—all using a cuneiform script.

That is, he multiplied the selected expression by the odd integer n to produce 2. Nowhere is there any inkling of the technique used to arrive at the decomposition. Fractions 2=n whose denominators are divisible by 3 all follow the general rule 2 1 1 D C : 3k 2k 6k Typical of these entries is 2 15 (the case k D 5), which is given as 2 15 D 1 10 C 1 : 30 If we ignore the representations for fractions of the form 2=(3k), then the remainder of the 2=n table reads as shown herewith. 2 5 2 7 2 11 2 13 2 17 2 19 2 23 2 25 2 29 2 31 2 35 2 37 2 41 2 43 2 47 2 49 2 51 D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D 1 1 C 15 3 1 1 C 28 4 1 1 C 66 6 1 1 1 C 52 C 104 8 1 1 1 C 51 C 68 12 1 1 1 C 76 C 114 12 1 1 C 276 12 1 1 C 75 15 1 1 1 C 58 C 174 C 24 1 1 1 C 124 C 155 20 1 1 C 42 30 1 1 1 C 111 C 296 24 1 1 1 C 246 C 328 24 1 1 1 C 86 C 129 C 42 1 1 1 C 141 C 470 30 1 1 C 196 28 1 1 C 102 34 1 232 1 301 2 53 2 55 2 59 2 61 2 65 2 67 2 71 2 73 2 77 2 79 2 83 2 85 2 89 2 91 2 95 2 97 2 101 D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D 1 1 1 C 318 C 795 30 1 1 C 330 30 1 1 1 C 236 C 531 36 1 1 1 1 C 244 C 488 C 610 40 1 1 C 195 39 1 1 1 C 335 C 536 40 1 1 1 C 568 C 710 40 1 1 1 1 C 219 C 292 C 365 60 1 1 C 308 44 1 1 1 1 C 237 C 316 C 790 60 1 1 1 1 C 332 C 415 C 498 60 1 1 C 255 51 1 1 1 1 C 356 C 534 C 890 60 1 1 C 130 70 1 1 1 C 380 C 570 60 1 1 1 C 679 C 776 56 1 1 1 1 C 202 C 303 C 606 101 Ever since the rst translation of the papyrus appeared, mathematicians have tried to explain what the scribe’s method may have been in preparing this table.