By Thomas Banchich
While an exile from Constantinople, the twelfth-century Byzantine functionary and canonist John Zonaras culled past chronicles and histories to compose an account of occasions from construction to the reign of Alexius Comnenus. For issues where his assets are misplaced or seem in different places in additional truncated form, his testimony and the identity of the texts on which he relies are of severe significance.
For his account of the 1st centuries of the Principate, Zonaras hired now-lost parts of Cassius Dio. From the purpose the place Dio’s History ended, to the reign of Theodosius the good (d. 395), he became to different assets to supply a uniquely complete old narrative of the severe years 235-395, making Books XII.15-XIII.19 of the Epitome critical to the examine of either past due Roman heritage and overdue Roman and Byzantine historiography.
This key component of the Epitome, including Zonaras’ Prologue, the following appears to be like in English for the 1st time, either complemented through a old and historiographical observation. a different function of the latter is a first-ever English translation of a vast variety of resources which light up Zonaras’ account and the historiographical traditions it displays. one of the authors whose newly translated works occupy a admired position within the statement are George Cedrenus, George the Monk, John of Antioch, Peter the Patrician, Symeon Magister, and Theodore Scutariotes. really good indices facilitate using the translations and statement alike.
The result's a useful advisor and stimulus to extra study for students and scholars of the heritage and historiography of Rome and Byzantium.
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Additional resources for The History of Zonaras: From Alexander Severus to the Death of Theodosius the Great
In Zonaras’ view, it is Alexander’s sojourn in Jerusalem that makes the Macedonian conqueror historically relevant. Zon. 7 [II, pp. 387–392]). Zonaras found the identification of the four beasts of the dream with the four kingdoms of the Diadochs in Theodoret’s Interpretatio (PG 81, cols 1417B–C and 1444A–B). 17 Antiochus IV Epiphanes, of the Seleucid dynasty, ruled from 176 to 164 BC. Reaction among some Jews against Seleucid rule and Greek cultural inroads among fellow Jews led to open violence under the leadership of Matthias of the Hamonaean priestly family.
Since he wished the soldiers to rebel, he reduced their rations, so implying that the emperor had ordered this. But others say that he withheld the supplies being brought to the camp, with the result that the soldiers were oppressed and, in consequence, were stirred to rebellion. 31 Philippus immediately made a dash for the empire. When the murder of Gordianus was announced to the senate, it aroused it to select another emperor. It immediately acclaimed Caesar a certain philosopher, Marcus. 32 With him dead, Severus Hostilianus controlled the leadership of the Romans.
8. 1 (II, pp. 324–325) = Zon. 22–23. Salmanasar V (r. 726–722 BC) probably captured Samaria, capital of the Kingdom of Israel, in 722. The Cuthaei are the Samaritans. 1–5 (III, pp. 27–35) = Zon. 5 derives from the apochryphal 1 Esdras. 1–6 (II, pp. 358–363) = Zon. 25. Nebushadnesar is Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon (r. 605/604–562 BC). The destruction of the temple occurred in 587 or 586 BC. The deportation of the Jews began the so-called Babylonian Captivity. 1–3 (III, pp. 4–7). Cyrus the Great, founder of the Achaemenid Dynasty of Persia (r.