By Donald Fixico
The fight among Indians and whites for land didn't finish at the battlefields within the 1800s. whilst this adverse period closed with local american citizens compelled onto reservations, nobody anticipated that wealthy usual assets lay underneath those lands that white the US may desperately wish. but oil, trees, fish, coal, water, and different assets have been came upon to be in nice call for within the mainstream industry, and a brand new battle begun with Indian tribes and their leaders attempting to shield their tribal ordinary assets through the 20th century. within the Invasion of Indian nation within the twentieth Century, Donald Fixico info the process this fight, supplying a wealth of knowledge at the assets possessed by means of person tribes and how during which they have been systematically defrauded and stripped of those assets. Fixico contends that federal regulations initially devised to guard Indian pursuits satirically labored opposed to the Indian international locations because the tribes hired new strategies with the Council of strength assets Tribes, utilizing the legislation in courts and utilizing competitive company management to wrestle the capitalist invasion by way of mainstream the United States. Fixico?‚?’s research of this conflict being waged in the course of the century and this present day serves as an fundamental reference software for someone attracted to local American background and present govt coverage in regards to Indian lands.
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Additional resources for The Invasion of Indian Country in the Twentieth Century: American Capitalism and Tribal Natural Resources
2dc2198-28488 CIP 07 06 05 04 03 02 01 00 99 98 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 to Mr. Bennie Mott and Mr. Melvin Thompson for understanding the importance of a college education and for helping me as a young man working for a college education. CONTENTS Preface ix Introduction to Indian and White Values xv Part 1: Elements of Indian Society and Policies 1 Jackson Barnett and the Allotment of Muscogee Creek Lands 3 2 The Osage Murders and Oil 27 3 Struggle for Pueblo Water Rights in the Southwest 55 4Termination of the Klamath and Timberlands in the Pacific Northwest 79 5 Chippewa Fishing and Hunting Rights in the Great Lakes 103 6 Controversy and Spirituality in the Black Hills 123 Part 2: Defense Strategies For Tribal Natural Resources 7 The Demand for Natural Resources on Reservations 143 8 The Council of Energy Resource Tribes 159 9 Battlegrounds in the Courts 177 10 Environmental Issues and Tribal Leadership 189 11 American Indian Philosophy and Global Concerns 205 Appendix A: CERT Member Tribes and Natural Resources for 1990 219 Appendix B: Structure of the Council of Energy Resource Tribes 221 Appendix C: Tribal Oil and Gas Production 223 Bibliography 225 Index 243 Illustrations Natural resources on Indian lands xxi Jackson Barnett, Creek, richest Indian 4 Oil gusher in Oklahoma 30 William K.
14 This law proved detrimental to the Creek as they lost more lands and properties such as homes and livestock. At five o'clock on January 3, 1903, 255 Muscogee Creek received the first allotments,15 and it was not long before others did as well. Frustrate with all the actions launched against them, many Creek refused their allotments, thereby creating "surplus" lands that could possibly pass to white settlers and land speculators. William Foulke, a journalist for Outlook magazine, reported on the fraud consuming Page 9 the Creek, describing the debauchery committed by whites and the land sharks who were cheating the Muscogees out of their allotted lands due to the carelessness of the federal government.
30 Eastman Richards, a tall full-blood, was another wealthy Muscogee Creek. His allotment of barren land proved useless for farming or raising stock, but oil underground brought him unmeasured wealth. 31 Frustrated in his dealings with non-Muscogee Creek, he surrounded himself with family and friends and financed the development of his own town. 32 In later years, the town disintegrated from lack of activity. 33 A full-blood Muscogee Creek, Katie had an estate worth $1 million from oil royalty payments.