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The Involvement of State Governments in US Foreign Relations by Samuel Lucas McMillan (auth.)

By Samuel Lucas McMillan (auth.)

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Extra resources for The Involvement of State Governments in US Foreign Relations

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Governors also adapted new economic development strategies over time, focusing on more financial incentives and FDI attraction in the “smokestack chasing” competition described by Cobb (1993), but moving on in the 1980s to strategies that emphasized training, science, technology, and partnerships with business and universities and focusing on export promotion as “entrepreneurial states” (Eisinger 1988). The next sections examine those governors who were among the first to go beyond US borders to investigate international issues and those that significantly increased their states’ international agendas in the second wave of activity during the 1970s and the 1980s.

In 2011, however, Ohio decided to shrink its international office network (Hallett and Vardon 2011). Since political leadership helps explain the variations of commitment and activities within states, one might argue that long-term support from 44 ● State Governments in Foreign Relations successive governors should lead a state to be able to take advantage of foreign relations engagement and to become better equipped to handle the challenges that interdependencies bring. Arkansas governor Bill Clinton established the Arkansas Industrial Development Commission’s marketing division and led overseas missions.

In 2003, 30 states’ attorneys general signed a letter requesting “greater protections of state interests in trade agreements” (Whatley 2003, 10). Governors seek to gain promises to be consulted in negotiations and “prior to any challenge by the United States of subnational measures in a foreign country” (Beaumont 1996, 382–83). By making sure that all factors are considered, perhaps governors are also aware that— no matter if their efforts are for naught— their voiced concerns will lessen the blame that they may receive if their US state is adversely affected by a trade agreement.

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