By Richard Dawkins, Susan Blackmore
People are remarkable creatures, with the original skill between animals to mimic and so replica from each other rules, conduct, talents, behaviours, innovations, songs, and tales. those are all memes, a time period first coined via Richard Dawkins in 1976 in his ebook The egocentric Gene. Memes, like genes, are replicators, and this captivating e-book is an research of even if this hyperlink among genes and memes can result in very important discoveries concerning the nature of the interior self.
Confronting the private questions about our internal selves, with all our feelings, thoughts, ideals, and judgements, Susan Blackmore makes a compelling case for the idea that the internal self is only an phantasm created via the memes for the sake of replication.
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Extra resources for The Meme Machine
Anti-semitism is reified, an export article: it must ‘function’. (Adorno, 1950:370) The ‘Jewish question’ was to be solved entirely legally and the ingroup-outgroup relationship became the principle according to which the whole world was abstractly organized. Fromm (1941) argued that, like the authoritarian character and the automaton, the destructive type was rooted in the unbearableness of individual powerlessness and isolation, but this character attempted to escape his powerlessness by destroying the outside world, rationalized as duty, love, patriotism etc.
For Adorno et al. (1950) the child’s relationship to his parents is an ambivalent one, for at the same time as he is dependent on them and wishes to be taken care of by them, he also resents them and is hostile towards them. As a reaction against this hostility, the child often rigidly glorifies and idealizes his parents, and only this admiration is admitted and ego-accepted; the resentment and hostility is rendered ego-alien and externalized, thus rendering the ego narrow and constricted. Thus the authoritarian personality manifests a fundamental break between the unconscious and conscious layers of the personality—unwilling to become aware of the unacceptable tendencies and impulses in himself.
Reich argued that ‘“fascism” is the basic emotional attitude of the suppressed man of our authoritarian machine civilization and its mechanisticmystical conception of life. It is the mechanistic-mystical character of modern man that produces fascist parties, and not vice-versa’ (Reich, 1970:xiii, italics in original). Reich chastised sociologists for failing to recognize the importance of the irrational appeal of fascism and for perceiving it simply as an imperialistic interest or a ‘prejudice’.