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The Monotheists: Jews, Christians, and Muslims in Conflict by F. E. Peters

By F. E. Peters

FE Peters has distilled a life of scholarship into one hugely readable booklet. outstanding. while you're attracted to the improvement of those 3 associated religions, this can be certainly worthy deciding to buy and preserving.

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Additional resources for The Monotheists: Jews, Christians, and Muslims in Conflict and Competition, Volume II: The Words and Will of God (v. 2)

Sample text

Almost from the beginning, Christians seemed willing to make some concession to the human element in the composition of Scripture. The Greek Father Origen attempted to draw a distinction between the words of revelation the authors had received from the Holy Spirit and what they chose to say about them, their own commentary, in a sense, though both are included in Scripture, and in the latter they might indeed err. Augustine, who strongly insisted on the divine inspiration of the Scriptures, gave their human authors even greater latitude.

His seventh principle is the affirmation by all Jews of the fact of Moses’ prophetic powers (and their priority to all others’). ” Muslims affirm the same. The shahada or Islamic profession of faith has as the second of its two clauses the statement that “Muhammad is God’s messenger,” an affirmation that implicates the divine authority of the Quran. The messenger or prophet and the sacred text that comes down from him are the foci of most subsequent discussions of authenticity. The first, the question of the messenger, was principally a matter of the “proofs of prophecy,” as the Muslims called an entire literary genre devoted to it: how the messenger demonstrated to his immediate audience, and so to later generations of believers, that he was indeed the bearer of God’s Word.

But there lay beneath the sacred text what is, by general agreement, an oral-aural foundation. God spoke and the messenger heard, whether that latter was Moses or Muhammad. Revelation, then, at least in its Jewish and Muslim versions, has three distinct moments: God’s oral communication with his messenger; the messenger’s 12 Chapter One public pronouncement of God’s message, generally understood to be in oral form, though in Moses’ case at least God managed his own publication by providing Moses with a summary copy of his laws written in God’s own hand on tablets of stone (Exod.

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