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The Muscular Ideal: Psychological, Social, and Medical by J. Kevin Thompson, Guy Cafri

By J. Kevin Thompson, Guy Cafri

The muscular excellent is more and more turning into the popular physique style for males, adolescent boys or even a few ladies. Why is that this physique variety the recent excellent, and the way did it advance? Why are a few humans pushed to in achieving heightened muscularity, and the way do they do it? What hazards to actual and psychological health and wellbeing are concerned whilst severe behaviors are undertaken within the pursuit of the muscular perfect? This edited booklet attracts on new learn to supply an outline of the muscular perfect, together with historic and current socioeconomic developments, evaluate and size matters, and medical presentation of issues corresponding to muscle dysmorphia. Chapters additionally hide similar concerns similar to steroid use, repeated beauty surgical procedure, and prevention matters.

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The Muscular Ideal: Psychological, Social, and Medical Perspectives

The muscular perfect is more and more changing into the popular physique style for males, adolescent boys or even a few ladies. Why is that this physique sort the recent perfect, and the way did it boost? Why are a few humans pushed to in achieving heightened muscularity, and the way do they do it? What dangers to actual and psychological well-being are concerned while severe behaviors are undertaken within the pursuit of the muscular excellent?

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In the quick-image bar scene, potential mates were judged by facial attractiveness and the stylishness of their clothing. In the health club, judgment centered on the condition of their bodies. Working out offered compelling benefits in the form of healthier and more attractive bodies and, by extension, heightened sex appeal: Even if a prospective mate was not captivated by a man's intelligence and wit, advised one fitness advocate, she would be "less inclined to kick you out of bed if you're toned and muscular" (Geist, 1984, p.

2004). Exposure to muscular male models decreases men's body satisfaction. Sex Roles, 51, 743-748. Lynch, S. , & Zellner, D. A. (1999). Figure preferences in two generations of men: The use of figure drawings illustrating differences in muscle mass. Sex Roles, 40, 833-843. Maisey, D. , Vale, E. L. , Cornelissen, P. , 6k Tovee, M. J. (1999). Characteristics of male attractiveness for women. Lancet, 351, 1500. , Pope, H. , Hudson, J. , & Biebl, W. (1997). Eating disorders in Austrian men: An intracultural and crosscultural comparison study.

Adolescent perceptions of body weight and weight satisfaction. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 81, 81-82. Pasman, L. , & Thompson, J. K. (1988). Body image and eating disturbance in obligatory runners, obligatory weight lifters and sedentary individuals. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 7, 759-765. Perkins, H. , & Berkowitz, A. D. (1986). Perceiving the community norms of alcohol use among students: Some research implications for campus alcohol education programs. International Journal of the Addictions, 21, 961-976.

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