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The New Sciences of Religion: Exploring Spirituality from by William Grassie (auth.)

By William Grassie (auth.)

Performing a serious research of latest medical examine on spiritual and non secular phenomena, Grassie takes a two-staged phenomenological method operating from the 'outside in' and the 'bottom up' with out privileging on the outset any non secular traditions or philosophical assumptions.

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Extra resources for The New Sciences of Religion: Exploring Spirituality from the Outside In and Bottom Up

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15 Born in 1798, Comte was a child of postrevolutionary France. The anarchy unleashed by the metaphysical stage in the evolution of European history was part of the problem he sought to solve in his program of positivism. For Comte, the metaphysical stage in human history lacked a constructive social potential. It was necessarily anarchistic and destructive, albeit more true than the earlier theological stages in human history. The metaphysical stage is perhaps best represented in the rallying cry of the French Revolution—Liberté, Egalité, and Fraternité.

It matters not with respect to our biology whether we are Muslim, Hindu, Christian, Buddhist, Jew, Atheist, or Stoic. It matters not what ethnic or racial background we belong to. We can all interbreed, that is, we are one biological species, and we are all confronted with similar psychological, social, and biological challenges by virtue of being Homo sapiens. 6 The question now 24 The New Sciences of Religion becomes how to account for the variation in human cultures and religions and how significant are these variations in the sciences of religion.

11 This positive assessment of religion will be explicitly challenged by many of the theorists and scientists we encounter in the following chapters, who will claim that religions are inventions of human incompetence of little worth and now proven to be fundamentally wrong in detail. The analogy to human languages is also illuminating on another level because it can account for the variety of religions in the world today. The idea of creating a universal human language, Esperanto, is and was a misconceived idea because it would necessarily become merely one new particular language among the many.

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