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The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume II: The by P. J. Marshall, Alaine Low

By P. J. Marshall, Alaine Low

Quantity II of the Oxford heritage of the British Empire examines the heritage of British all over the world growth from the wonderful Revolution of 1689 to the tip of the Napoleonic Wars, a vital part within the production of the fashionable British Empire. This used to be the age of basic Wolfe, Clive of India, and Captain cook dinner. The foreign crew of specialists deploys the most recent scholarly examine to track and research improvement and growth over greater than a century. They exhibit how exchange, conflict, and migration created an Empire, firstly overwhelmingly within the Americas yet later more and more in Asia. even though the Empire was once ruptured via the yankee Revolution, it survived and grew into the British Empire that was once to dominate the area through the 19th and early 20th centuries.

About the Series:

The Oxford background of the British Empire is an incredible new overview of the Empire within the mild of contemporary scholarship and the innovative starting of ancient documents. It bargains with the interplay of British and non-western societies from the Elizabethan period to the overdue 20th century, offers a balanced therapy of the governed in addition to the rulers, and takes under consideration the importance of the Empire for the peoples of the British Isles. All 5 of the volumes during this sequence absolutely discover financial and social in addition to political traits.

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28 See below, p. 32. 29 See below, pp. 92-93. 30 See below, pp. 255-59. 26 10 P. J. 31 The Empire reflected this apparent paradox of weakness and strength in the eighteenth-century British state. Much was left to private initiative. Pennsylvania and Maryland remained in the possession of the families that had founded them. The management of other settlements and even, in India or the Canadian north, of great tracts of territory was entrusted to trading companies. New colonial ventures, such as Georgia and Sierra Leone, began as private undertakings.

A series of statutes, beginning with one passed in 1660, laid down provisions binding on 'the Lands, Islands, Plantations or Territories to his Majesty belonging... 34 These statutes were the famous Navigation Acts, which created an Imperial trading system that remained essentially in force until well into the nineteenth century. All colonial trade was to be carried in English or colonial ships. So-called enumerated products, at first tobacco, sugar, cotton, and dyestuffs, to which other commodities, such as rice and naval stores, were added, could only be exported to England and, after 1707, to Scotland, or to British colonies.

The defence of India, especially after the French invasion of Egypt in 1798, drew the British into the Middle East. Alliances were signed with the Ottoman Empire and with Persia, while troops and fleets were despatched to Egypt, the Red Sea, and the Persian Gulf. The French were kept 67 See below, p. 463. INTRODUCTION 25 out of the Levant, but the British were unable to establish an enduring influence over either the Ottoman or the Persian governments. Control of Indian resources also enabled the British to act forcefully in SouthEast Asia, an area long dominated by the Dutch East India Company.

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