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The Soviet Famine of 1946–47 in Global and Historical by Nicholas Ganson (auth.)

By Nicholas Ganson (auth.)

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Additional resources for The Soviet Famine of 1946–47 in Global and Historical Perspective

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In the 1940s, Soviet authorities used a pesticide called chloropicrin (khlorpikrin) to treat grain infested by weevils; however, during the war, the Commissariat of Chemical Industry (Komissariat Khimicheskoi Promyshlennosti) ceased to produce chloropicrin. On January 10, 1946, the warehouses of the Commissariat of Procurements held more than 120,000 tons of weevil-infested grain and the nearing of spring raised the prospect of the mass reproduction of the pests. It was thus imperative to exterminate the weevils before spring.

F. Zima devotes only a handful of pages to how children endured during the famine, leaving many questions unanswered. 4 Archival documents of the Soviet Ministry of Health (Ministerstvo Zdravookhraneniia) and Soviet Red Cross and Red Crescent (Sovetskoe Obshchestvo Krasnogo Kresta i Krasnogo Polumesiatsa) attest that, on the contrary, government officials at various levels sought to improve the plight of 28 ● The Soviet Famine of 1946–47 in Global and Historical Perspective homeless, orphaned, and dystrophic children in 1946–47.

53 Before the war, collective farms had 107,000 trucks. 54 Part of the harvest was thus lost because of the lack of motorized vehicles, as harvested grain, as well as sugar beets, potatoes, and sunflowers remained in the fields for long periods of time. 56 The war similarly depleted the number of draught animals on the collective farms; acute shortages of fodder at the beginning of 1946 further exacerbated the problem. The fodder crisis stemmed primarily from an unsuccessful hay harvest in 1945. 7 Source: RGASPI, f.

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