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Environmental Natural Resources Law

Threatened island nations: legal implications of rising seas by Michael B. Gerrard, Gregory E. Wannier

By Michael B. Gerrard, Gregory E. Wannier

Emerging seas are endangering the habitability and extremely life of a number of small island international locations, in general within the Pacific and Indian oceans. this is often the 1st ebook to target the myriad felony matters posed through this tragic scenario: if a state is below water, is it nonetheless a kingdom? Does it nonetheless have a seat on the United international locations? What turns into of its particular financial area, the foundation for its fishing rights? What responsibilities do different countries need to absorb the displaced populations, and what are those peoples' rights and felony prestige when they arrive? should still there be a brand new overseas contract on climate-displaced populations? Do those countries and their voters have any criminal recourse for repayment? Are there any courts that might pay attention their claims, and in accordance with what theories? top felony students from all over the world deal with those novel questions and suggest answers.

• the 1st ebook to handle the criminal matters confronted via island countries whose life is threatened through sea point rise
• Proposes novel felony strategies to new problems
• Aimed in particular at small island international locations, yet ideas and felony doctrines additionally follow to bigger international locations which are dealing with threats from weather switch

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Extra info for Threatened island nations: legal implications of rising seas and a changing climate

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25 Large-scale processes, such as ENSO, have varying regional manifestations. Kwajelein ˜ than during the 1997 event. , supra note 3, at 413–14. 30 THREATENED ISLAND NATIONS 30 Mean sea level (mm) 20 Global, T/P Global, reconstructed Pacific/Indian region, T/P Pacific/Indian region, reconstructed 10 0 –10 –20 –30 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Figure 9. Tide gauge and altimeter records for the western Pacific and Indian tropical oceans from 100E to 120W and from 40S to 40N.

Gov/tao/elnino/nino normal. html (last visited June 2, 2011). SEA LEVEL RISE IN A CHANGING CLIMATE 29 travel west they are subject to intense solar heating, such that sea surface temperature (sea level) increases as waters move from east to west. The warm waters of the western tropical Pacific undergo intense evaporation, leading to the formation of clouds and accompanying atmospheric con˜ conditions, the easterly winds lessen vective processes. Under El Nino or cease, as does the surface westward current, which can even reverse.

61 John Barnett & W. , supra note 46, at 866. 2. Sea Level Rise A rise in average sea level will increase the likelihood of erosion, saline intrusions into groundwater, and risk of flooding. , the distance between the ocean and the lagoon) is often in the tens of feet. Shoreline erosion puts many aspects of small island States at risk, including permanent dwellings, infrastructure, beaches, and agricultural lands. It should be noted, however, that the effects of sea level rise on shorelines are complex: in particular, reef islands are dynamic structures and can experience accretion as well as erosion.

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