By John Greville Agard Pocock
In this number of essays, a bunch of unique American and British historians explores the family among the yankee Revolution and its predecessors, the Puritan Revolution of 1641 and the fantastic Revolution of 1688.
Originally released in 1980.
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Extra info for Three British Revolutions: 1641, 1688, 1776
Whole classes—for example the smaller gentry, who were seriously weakened by the land tax after the 1690s—could be permanently damaged by taxation. Others, such as the London merchant elite, RESULTS OF THE ENGLISH REVOLUTIONS 39 could prosper on the wars of maritime privateering and colonial conquest. The manipulation of the land law and the criminal law could also profoundly affect whole classes. 14 The willingness of eighteenthcentury Parliaments to pass act after act enforcing enclosure on village communities transformed property ownership to the advantage of all freeholders and copyholders, but in the long run the major beneficiaries were the larger land owners.
In return for such services, the London merchants increasingly demanded that foreign and military policy be adapted to their need for the protection of trade routes and the expansion of overseas markets. They also wanted the preservation of their monopoly rights in over seas trade, along with a dismantling of the now ram shackle and corruption-ridden system of economic controls over internal trade, industrial production, land use, and interest rates. Since it was barely represented in Parliament, the "monied interest," as it was later to be known, exercised its leverage in more obscure ways, by lobbying at Court, by getting friends or clients to introduce bills in Parliament, or by threatening to cut off the necessary flow of loans to the royal treasury.
The first premonitory tremblor was the parliamentary crisis of 1628-29. Its fea tures were widespread protests against royal infringements on traditional liberties, culminating in the passage of the Petition of Right, the subsequent open breach between 24 LAWRENCE STONE King and Parliament, and the decision of Charles I to attempt to rule without parliamentary support. The events of 1640-60, England's only "Great Revolution" and the first in the history of Western civilization since the fall of Rome, were by any standards a major earthquake which brought crashing to the ground most of the key buildings of the old regime.