By Alexander Wokaun, Erik Wilhelm
This publication is a complete and aim consultant to realizing hydrogen as a transportation gas. the consequences that pursuing assorted motor vehicle expertise improvement paths can have at the financial system, the surroundings, public security and human overall healthiness are awarded with implications for coverage makers, business stakeholders and researchers alike. utilizing hydrogen as a gasoline bargains a potential technique to gratifying worldwide mobility wishes, together with sustainability of provide and the capability aid of greenhouse fuel emissions. This ebook specializes in study matters which are on the intersection of hydrogen and transportation, because the examine of automobiles and energy-carriers is inseparable. It concentrates on gentle accountability automobiles (cars and lightweight trucks), set within the context of different competing applied sciences, the bigger strength area and the final economic system. The booklet is important for researchers and coverage makers in transportation coverage, power economics, structures dynamics, automobile powertrain modeling and simulation, environmental technology and environmental engineering.
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Extra info for Transition to Hydrogen: Pathways Toward Clean Transportation
1). Due to the comprehensive approach and the interdependent assessment steps, conducting an LCA is usually an iterative process. 1 Main steps and applications of a life cycle assessment. 2 Goal and scope definition The goal and scope define the fundamental characteristics and constraints of the LCA being conducted. Although the definitions of these aspects can also be iterated upon throughout the duration of a study, they provide a framework and guidelines for the collection of the inventory data.
Areas of analytic emphasis included study of the synergistic and competitive relationship between hybrid and fuel cell vehicles (FCVs), impacts of variations in the degree of electrification, lightweighting, and correlating vehicle weight to energy use. 3 Hydrogen emissions Molecular hydrogen (H2) present in the atmosphere is not a direct GHG, but it is removed from the atmosphere through a chemical process that competes with the process that removes methane, a potent GHG. H2 is therefore effectively an indirect GHG.
Only by considering the cumulative burdens on the environment and the total consumption of primary energy resources can a fair comparison be made between the available and proposed options. LCA is a central element in the assessment of technologies and production routes, enabling a comparative evaluation of the environmental performances of different options. LCA methodology, sometimes referred to as ‘cradle-to-grave’ analysis, considers cumulative burdens stemming from the entire lifetime (construction, operation, and dismantling) of the directly and indirectly related industrial activities involved in the production of goods or the provision of services.