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Turning Points in Historiography: A Cross-Cultural by Q. Edward Wang

By Q. Edward Wang

Till lately just about all histories of historiography have desirous about nationwide advancements or at most sensible brought a comparative word from a restricted Western viewpoint. simply within the previous couple of years have there been severe makes an attempt to go beyond those borders. the current quantity examines turning issues in ancient concept in quite a few cultures. The essays within the first half the publication take care of basic reorientations in ancient pondering within the pre-modern interval because Antiquity, in particular in old Greece and China and in medieval Christian Europe, the Islamic international and back China. The essays all continue from the idea that historic notion in none of those cultures used to be static yet underwent profound alterations through the years. The essays within the moment half take care of historic writing starting with the professionalization of historical past within the 19th century. nationwide historical past researched and composed round a grasp narrative constituted an enormous turning element during this interval. even though the hot paradigm emerged within the West, it was once commonly approved by means of historians in the course of the world.in the 20th century. person chapters care for conceptions of medical background within the West, a comparability of nationwide histories in Japan, France, and the U.S., and the discovery of chinese language, African and Indian nationwide histories; ultimately the reviews of the fashionable paradigm in postmodernist and postcolonial concept and a attention of the shortcomings of those reviews. Georg Iggers is Professor Emeritus of historical past on the country collage of latest York at Buffalo; Q. Edward Wang is affiliate Professor of heritage at Rowan college.

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Glassner, Chroniques mésopotamiennes, 26–28. 10. L. Vandermeersch, “L’imaginaire divinatoire dans l’histoire en Chine,” in Transcrire les mythologies, ed. M. Detienne (Paris, 1994), 103–13. 11. John Scheid, “Le temps de la cité et l’histoire des prêtres,” in Transcrire les mythologies, 149–158. 12. See, for example, M. I. Finley, “Lost: The Trojan War,” in Aspects of Antiquity: Discoveries and Controversies (New York, 1972), 31–42. 13. H. Arendt, Between Past and Future (New York, 1954), 45. 14.

Herodotus is neither bard nor even histôr: he historei (investigates). He does not possess the natural authority of the histôr, nor does he benefit from the divine vision of the bard. He has only historiê, a certain form of inquiry which is the first step in his historiographical practice. Produced as a substitute, historiê operates in a way analogous to the omniscient vision of the Muse, who knows because her divine nature allowed her to be present everywhere. The historian, acting on no authority but his own, intends from now on to “go forward with his account, and speak of small and great cities alike.

5. C. Malamoud, Cuire le monde: Rite et pensée dans l’Inde ancienne (Paris, 1989), 305. 6. R. Brague, Aristote et la question du monde (Paris, 1988), 28; J. Strauss Clay, The Wrath of Athena: Gods and Men in the Odyssey (Princeton, 1983), 12, 13. 7. See Westliches Geschichtsdenken: Eine interkulturelle Debate, ed. Jörn Rüsen (Göttingen, 1999). 8. J. Bottero, “Symptômes, signes, écriture,” in Divination et Rationalité, ed. J. P. Vernant (Paris, 1974), 70–86. 9. Glassner, Chroniques mésopotamiennes, 26–28.

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