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Twentieth-Century Diplomacy: A Case Study of British by John W. Young

By John W. Young

Unlike so much works of overseas background, which stay on specific relationships, thoughts, wars or crises, the questions during this ebook are approximately how international relations was once really performed. The interval 1963-76 observed major adjustments in diplomatic perform globally. It used to be really a time of swap for Britain because the state negotiated its declining international strength and joined the ecu neighborhood and financial difficulties compelled spending cuts. the reform of the British Diplomatic provider and international workplace in addition to the position of ambassadors, using 'special' envoys, summits and nation visits, John younger sheds mild on how international relations used to be organised with a view to enforce the country's international coverage and on how diplomatic perform replaced through the years to make it better. Drawing comparisons with different international locations, specially the U.S., this research specializes in the technique of international relations instead of the ends.

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Twentieth-Century Diplomacy: A Case Study of British Practice, 1963-1976

Unlike such a lot works of foreign historical past, which live on specific relationships, ideas, wars or crises, the questions during this ebook are approximately how international relations was once truly carried out. The interval 1963-76 observed major alterations in diplomatic perform globally. It was once really a time of swap for Britain because the state negotiated its declining global strength and joined the eu group and financial difficulties compelled spending cuts.

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In this, our “diplomatic” Services have an 2 diplomacy rather than such issues as recruitment, working conditions and the diplomatic career structure. UK National Archives (UKNA), Kew, CAB 21/5612, Caccia to Trend (1 January 1964), set out a plan to put Plowden into effect; CAB 130/196, GEN 832/1st (17 January); CAB 128/38, CC(64)10 (6 February); and CAB 129/116, CP(64)34 (4 February 1964). Plowden 33 indispensable part to play. ’ Then again, it also declared that ‘efficient diplomacy . . 3 The Plowden Report was remarkably clear in establishing the meaning and scope of diplomatic work.

Yet it also accepted the validity of the ‘marriage bar’. It was assumed until then that a married woman would put her husband’s career before her own and would be unable to combine a diplomatic post with having children. 43 The lack of proper equal opportunities had many adverse repercussions. 44 However, there were compensations: Juliet Campbell, who joined the FO in 1957, felt that ‘because there were so few young women around at my sort of level virtually everybody . . 47 Even in the mid-1970s, there were still concerns about the way the FCO was managed.

This helped, perhaps, to foster the notion that the FO was a ‘pro-Arab’ institution; it required less extensive training to provide the needs of the embassy in Israel. Also known as a ‘spy school’, MECAS graduates included a number of future permanent under-secretaries, such as Anthony Acland (1982–6) and John Coles (1994–7). 40 Shifts were certainly in train by then, though, that would revolutionise the make-up of the Diplomatic Service over the next generation. Easier foreign travel, improvements in the teaching of foreign languages, the rise of a less deferential younger generation, the impact of the feminist movement, the expansion of the universities, as well as administrative decisions on late entrants, early retirements and the like: all of these were factors that helped to broaden the social background of the FO, breaking up the idea of a separate caste in control of policy overseas.

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