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War, State, and Society in Mid-Eighteenth-Century Britain by Stephen Conway

By Stephen Conway

This booklet explores the effect of the wars of 1739-63 on Britain and eire. The interval used to be ruled by means of armed fight among Britain and the Bourbon powers, quite France. those wars, specifically the Seven Years warfare of 1756-63, observed a substantial mobilization of manpower, materiel and cash. that they had vital impacts at the British and Irish economies, on social divisions and the improvement of what we'd time period social coverage, on well known and parliamentary politics, on faith, on nationwide sentiment, and at the nature and scale of Britain's abroad possessions and attitudes to empire.To struggle those wars, partnerships of varied varieties have been precious. Partnership with eu allies was once famous, a minimum of by means of components of the political country, to be necessary to the pursuit of victory. Partnership with the North American colonies was once additionally noticeable as valuable to army luck. inside of Britain and eire, partnerships have been no less significant. The peoples of different international locations of the 2 islands have been compelled into partnership, or entered into it willingly, for you to struggle the conflicts of the interval and to withstand Bourbon invasion threats. on the point of 'high' politics, the Seven Years conflict observed the forming of a casual partnership among Whigs and Tories in aid of the Pitt-Newcastle government's prosecution of the warfare. many of the Protestant denominations - validated church buildings and Dissenters - have been introduced right into a type of partnership according to Protestant cohesion within the face of the Catholic hazard from France and Spain. And, possibly peculiarly, partnerships have been solid among the British kingdom and native and personal curiosity as a way to safe the required mobilization of guys, assets, and cash.

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Gloucestershire RO, Newton of Bitton Papers, D 1844, draft of a letter by Susanna Newton, 7 Sept. 1745. , North Yorkshire RO, Metcalfe of Nappa Papers, ZOA, Henry Wilmot to Thomas Metcalfe, 7 Dec. 1745. For a very detailed treatment of the Jacobite military campaign in England, see Frank McLynn, The Jacobite Army in England 1745: The Final Campaign (Edinburgh, 1998). See also, for broader coverage of the rebellion and its aftermath, W. A. Speck, The Butcher: The Duke of Cumberland and the Suppression of the ’45 (Oxford, 1981); Jeremy Black, Culloden and the ’45 (Stroud, 1990); Christopher Duffy, The ’45: Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Untold Story of the Jacobite Rising (London, 2003).

1755. ²³ See, for the Duke of Bedford’s view, SP 63/416, fo. 219. ), Parliament, Politics and People: Essays in Eighteenth-Century Irish History (Dublin, 1988), 49–68. ²⁴ Derbyshire RO, Wilmot Horton of Catton Collection, D 3155, WH 3457, letter to Sir Robert Wilmot, 1 Jan. 1760. ²⁵ See J. L. McCracken, ‘Protestant Ascendancy and the Rise of Colonial Nationalism, 1714–1760’, in T. W. Moody and W. E. ), A New History of Ireland, iv. EighteenthCentury Ireland 1691–1800 (Oxford, 1986), ch. 5. ²⁶ But the undertakers could not always be relied upon to deliver votes for the government.

Britain and the American Revolution (London, 1998), 64–96. War and the State 37 This imperial role clearly distinguished the British Parliament from the other legislatures of the empire, which we can characterize both as local bodies and as foci of resistance to the power of the central British state. ²² But we should not mistake architectural pretensions and polite exchanges for equivalence between the two legislatures. In reality, the Irish Parliament was a local institution, with severely limited powers, rather than part of the machinery of the British state.

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