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Water Scarcity, Land Degradation and Desertification in the by Raul Daussa (auth.), José L. Rubio, Uriel Safriel, Raul

By Raul Daussa (auth.), José L. Rubio, Uriel Safriel, Raul Daussa, Winfried Blum, Fausto Pedrazzini (eds.)

Based at the feedback made via the audio system of Plenary consultation IV “Ch- lenges to the administration of water assets and to countering deserti cation within the Mediterranean quarter” through the fifteenth monetary and Environmental discussion board, the OCEEA proposed to prepare a workshop on “Water shortage, Land Degra- tion and Deserti cation within the Mediterranean zone – surroundings and safety Aspects”. with the intention to construct on universal synergies, OSCE sought co-operation with c- leagues from NATO, specifically from the technology for Peace and protection P- gramme. NATO has a longstanding services at the factor and had organised in Valencia, in December 2003, a NATO scienti c workshop on “Deserti cation and safeguard within the Mediterranean Region”. the target of the hot proposed wo- store will be to increase its concentration from the scienti c group to incorporate additionally coverage makers. 1 The workshop, aimed toward govt of cials from the Mediterranean sector, amassed representatives of Water administration, Land degradation and wilderness- cation Departments of Ministries of setting and representatives from the Ministries of international Affairs. moreover, coverage makers, scientists and specialists have been additionally invited. the purpose was once to debate how the OSCE, NATO and different c- petent agencies just like the UNCCD, UNEP, MAP, and the european might play a job in making sure that atmosphere and safety linkages by way of water shortage, land degradation and deserti cation are addressed within the Mediterranean Region.

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Additional info for Water Scarcity, Land Degradation and Desertification in the Mediterranean Region: Environmental and Security Aspects

Sample text

These functional relations between desertification and the degree of aridity can be understood if desertification is perceived as driven by an interaction between human pressure and ecosystem sensitivity to pressure. The observed hump-shaped curve of desertification across the drylands’ aridity gradient could then be explained if two assumptions are made. First, that pressure on land resources is directly and linearly correlated with population density. The second assumption is that the natural biological productivity of the drylands is negatively correlated with sensitivity to human pressure.

The first clarification thus deals with the religious dimension and the so quote clash of civilization or concept of “the fault lines of history”, an assumption that old conflicts across the Mediterranean, between Christianity and Islam, will reappear. However, recognising that life in Europe today is more influenced by secularism than traditional beliefs, should we not assume that the driving cultural relationships today are not between the faiths of the Mediterranean shores but between these respective faiths and the impact of secularism?

Therefore, drought can be viewed as a subset of “climatic variability”; hence the UNCCD definition actually implies that it is more a driver of desertification than an independent phenomenon to be somehow associated with desertification. This also suggests that “combating desertification” means both changing human behavior but also struggling with Mother Nature and that “mitigating the effects of drought” becomes a subset of “combating desertification”, rather than an added action. Dryland Climate and Biological Productivity Climatic variations (including drought) are not the only drylands’ natural attributes to be grappled with by dryland people.

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