By Clive Holmes
The execution of Charles I in 1649, by means of the proclamation of a Commonwealth, used to be a rare political occasion. It a sour Civil struggle among parliament and the king, and their overall failure to barter a next peace cost.
Why the king was once defeated and carried out has been a relevant query in English background, being traced again to the Reformation and ahead to the triumph of parliament within the eighteenth century. The outdated solutions, no matter if these of the Victorian narrative historian S.R. Gardiner or of Lawrence Stone's analysis of a deadly long term rift in English society, although, not fulfill, whereas the more recent ones of neighborhood historians and 'revisionists' frequently go away readers uncertain as to why the Civil battle occurred in any respect.
In Why used to be Charles I Executed? Clive Holmes offers transparent solutions to 8 key questions on the interval, starting from why the king needed to summon the lengthy Parliament as to whether there has been actually an English Revolution.
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Additional info for Why Was Charles I Executed?
In the summer of 1635 Lord Keeper Coventry, addressing the judges before they began their peregrinations to the county assizes, provided them with a model of the speeches they were to make at those assemblies. He listed the law enforcement agenda of the government, employing a good deal of traditional commonwealth rhetoric on the impartial enforcement of justice for the public benefit. 31 In February 1637 Coventry made a similar demand. At the assizes the judges were to publicise their answer to the king's letter concerning the legality of ship money, with its acknowledgement that in cases of necessity the monarch must act for the public good, and that he alone was the judge of necessity.
33 In almost all counties the sheriffs found it increasingly difficult to collect the tax before the outbreak of the Scottish war placed further burdens on local administration. In so far as taxpayers offered justifications of their recalcitrance, it was in terms of the unfairness of the rating process: individuals, villages, subdivisions of the county all claimed that the sheriff or the local assessors had discriminated against them. Sorting out these complaints took time. Not all complaints of inequitable rating were a cover for a principled opposition to ship money, but many certainly were.
27 Sir Simonds D'Ewes, as sheriff of Suffolk in 1640, defended his inability to collect th sum with vague generalities about the poverty of the county and failures of the village officers. Earlier, in the secure privacy of his own journal, he had written that the tax was 'the most deadly and fatal blow ... 28 The disparity between private opinion and public performance was not, however, total. Few men dared to challenge ship money openly before 1640, but they did engage in covert resistance - delaying assessment, and challenging the rates when they were made; paying slowly or obliging the sheriff to proceed by distraint.