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Words and Meanings: Lexical Semantics Across Domains, by Cliff C. Goddard;Anna A. Wierzbicka

By Cliff C. Goddard;Anna A. Wierzbicka

In a sequence of cross-cultural investigations of note which means, Cliff Goddard and Anna Wierzbicka study key expressions from diverse domain names of the lexicon - concrete, summary, actual, sensory, emotional, and social. They specialize in complicated and culturally vital phrases in a number of languages that comes with English, Russian, Polish, French, Warlpiri and Malay. a few are uncomplicated like men, women, and children or summary nouns like trauma and violence; others describe characteristics comparable to hot, hard, and rough, feelings like happiness and sadness, or emotions like ache. This interesting e-book is for everybody attracted to the kinfolk among that means, tradition, principles, and phrases. They flooring their discussions in genuine examples from diverse cultures and draw on paintings starting from Leibniz, Locke, and Bentham, to well known works comparable to autobiographies and memoirs, and the Dalai Lama on happiness.

The ebook opens with a evaluation of the overlooked prestige of lexical semantics in linguistics. The authors give some thought to a variety of analytical concerns together with lexical polysemy, semantic swap, the connection among lexical and grammatical semantics, and the strategies of semantic molecules and templates. Their interesting booklet is for everybody drawn to the family among which means, tradition, rules, and phrases.

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Extra info for Words and Meanings: Lexical Semantics Across Domains, Languages, and Cultures

Example text

In their reliance on the concept of ‘kind’, it is fair to say that these two components reflect or express an implicit “essentialism” (Gelman 2005). On the other hand, it is important to remember that an explication is not a claim about reality as such, but about a representation embedded in a language. Line (c) introduces a set of components that characterize a person’s situation as a child. Component (d) says that ‘this someone’s body is small’. 6 It is implicit in explication [A] that in the normal course of life people do not remain children indefinitely.

Subsequent to Hjelmslev (1961), a similar style of structuralist analysis came to be known as componential analysis (CA). The set of words man, woman, boy, girl, and (sometimes) child, and apparently comparable sets from various farmyard animal species, was employed in influential linguistics texts, such as John Lyons’ (1968) An Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics, Adrienne Lehrer’s (1974) Semantic Fields and Lexical Structure, Geoffrey Leech’s (1974) Semantics, and Eugene Nida’s (1975) Componential Analysis of Meaning.

E. the expression adult children2 is acceptable, while adult children1 is self-contradictory). Child1 is related to other stage-of-life words, such as men and women, while child2 is related to other relational kin words, such as mother and father. In a syntactic frame such as Mary’s child, the word can only have the meaning child2. 4), while child2 does not. Finally, it is not possible to formulate a single paraphrase that would apply to both uses of child and still have predictive power, because any such paraphrase would necessarily be too broad in its application.

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